The history of education is fascinating. It begins as a spontaneous reaction of early civilizations when adults began to train their young in practical skills. This practice of passing on knowledge has a direct bearing on the evolution of human culture. In pre-literate societies, knowledge was passed on orally or through imitation. Later, writing and letters became the primary tools for transmitting knowledge. Throughout history, the evolution of education has led to great changes in human society.
Education should foster a sense of interdependence among students and strengthen their capacity to resolve conflict. It should prepare students to participate in community life and respect diversity. In addition to these goals, education should develop students’ skills to cooperate, work together, and plan for common objectives. Ultimately, education should enable people to live in harmonious societies and to live well. However, this is more difficult to achieve in a capitalist society. The goal of education is to provide people with the knowledge, skills, and experiences necessary for them to make good decisions.
As societies develop, the amount of knowledge they can pass on increases. There is so much knowledge that one person cannot possibly learn everything. As such, society attaches more importance to education and literature is filled with advice on how to raise the younger generation. Education evolves and changes as society becomes more complex and sophisticated. Education provides a framework to understand the world and become an informed citizen. The purpose of education has become increasingly broad and diversified as cultures grow.
The importance of education cannot be overemphasized. This function of education is necessary to keep society running smoothly. Education sorts individuals according to their skills and abilities, and provides them with the skills necessary to compete in the labor market. This sorting of people ensures that the most important jobs in society receive the best salaries, while those with less achievement will get the least prestigious jobs and lower incomes. It is an essential part of society that enables people to flourish and make a living in their societies.
Global literacy rate for adolescents has increased from 76 percent in the 1990s to 91 percent in 2015. Gender disparity in education has also decreased. In 1990, there were 74 girls for every 100 boys in Southern Asia. In 2016, there were 103 girls for every hundred boys. In this way, education is essential to achieving equality of opportunity. And it can also make a big difference in ensuring equality of opportunity. In addition, it helps eradicate poverty and broaden the participation of people in society.
In short, education should help young people develop their personality. It should provide the necessary tools to enhance personal responsibility, judgement, and autonomy. It should develop every aspect of human potential, from memory and reasoning to physical and social skills. At the same time, it should promote a healthy lifestyle, promote empathy, and develop a sense of self-discipline and resilience. The importance of education cannot be overstated. It should contribute to a nation’s success and its citizens’ well-being.